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How to Avoid Lyme Disease as You Return to Nature

Experts say ticks are becoming more frequent and there is an increasing rate of diseases transmitted by ticks, such as Lyme disease.
They note ticks tend to the habitat in the tall grass, the trees and undergrowth.

They encourage hikers and other people who go outdoors to wear long pants and long sleeve shirts.

They also recommend using insect repellent and check for ticks immediately after outdoor activity.

Prepare to encounter ticks this season as Covid-19 restrictions and people come back to relax outdoors.

Avoid small, parasites with eight legs is increasingly difficult and rates of diseases transmitted by ticks, including Lyme disease, are on the rise, reportsTrusted Source Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

“We see more and more people heading outside after being housebound for so long, and even for those who usually do not go out of time, but not now considering our physical distancing restrictions, we can not eliminate contact with ticks, “Timothy Sellati, Ph.D., scientific director of the World Alliance Lyme, Healthline says.

But experts note that you protect not only important, but quite doable.

“You can take steps to reduce the risk of being bitten by ticks,” said Sellati.

The first step is to understand the current risks associated with ticks and tick-borne diseases.

Where live ticks
The typical habitat of a tick is outdoors in the trees, the grass, undergrowth, leaf piles and shrubs. Think hiking and walking, wooded areas, grassy parks, and beaches.

However, populations of ticks and diseases transmitted by ticks are becoming more complex and spread across the United States, the CDC also reportsTrusted Source.

Transmission of the disease is also influenced by many factors beyond the presence of ticks. Sellati said that the spread of ticks happens in the following ways:

changes in land use patterns
expansion of host populations such as mice, chipmunks, and deer on which ticks feed
climate change, resulting in milder winters and new areas that are more hospitable for ticks to survive
“I do not foresee the trend of diseases transmitted by ticks more persistent. One of the main reasons is because I foresee continuing geographic distribution of ticks “said Sellati. “This distribution represents several species of ticks that carry several diseases transmitted by ticks, in addition to Lyme disease. “

“Another factor in a potential increase of the disease following a recent study of Connecticut that showed that half of all deer ticks collected adults have been infected with Lyme disease,” he said.

“This figure is scary,” he said.

diseases transmitted by ticks
Not all ticks transmit disease to humans and not all bites a disease.

The species of ticks that are transmitting disease to humans vary in color, shape, size and health risks.

Some common diseases you can contract tick bites include:

Lyme disease
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Colorado tick fever
These diseases have different symptoms ranging from fever to body rash to swollen lymph nodes. Symptoms can occur anywhere from several days to several weeks after exposure.

Other potential symptoms of diseases transmitted by ticks may include:

red spot or rash near the bite site
neck stiffness
muscle aches or joint pain or
At present, 30,000 casesTrusted Source of Lyme disease are reported across the United States each year, but the real number is said by experts to be higher.

Dr. Alan Taege, an infectious disease specialist at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, said nté Lyme disease spreads to other areas of the country, and more emphasis on outdoor activities, it is expected that the number of cases of this particular disease ticks will increase.

It is important to contact your doctor after a suspected tick bite, even if you can not find a tick, remove the tick successfully, and you do not experience sudden or more symptoms.

Lyme disease has three stages and if untreated can cause flu-like symptoms, mood changes and cognitive decline. It is spread by deer or black-legged ticks infected with the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi. B. burgdorferi.

These ticks feed on infected mice, deer, and birds and transmit the bacteria to humans by bite.

Preventing tick bites
Preventing tick bites planning and preparation before heading outside.

“Ideally, wear long pants tucked into shoes or light-colored long-sleeved hiking boots and shirts,” Taege said.

“Use insect repellents containing DEET on exposed skin and permethrin-containing repellents on clothes,” he said. “When returning home, always make a check to check. “

Sellati said the World Alliance Lyme teaches preventing tick bites by emphasizing the importance of being tick “AWARE. “

Check to be “AWARE” means:

avoiding areas where ticks live them, as long grass
wear light-colored clothing and long pants
apply insect repellent EPA approved
removing clothing at the entrance of the house and high temperature drying
you look and your pets for ticks daily
A check of the correct tick implies a head to foot self-examination.

The alliance says check the tiny dark spots and feel for bumps and watch the following 10 common places ticks are available:

and behind the ears
behind the neck
in arms
between the fingers
waist and back
belly button
pelvic and groin
behind the knees
between toes
“If a tick is found, remove the tick carefully with good technique,” said Taege. “When removed on the same day, there is very little chance of being infected. “

How to properly remove a tick
Removing a tick requires the following:

fine tip tweezers
rubbing alcohol (or soap and water)
a jar or container with lid
Depending on the location and size of the tick, you may also need a mirror or an extra person to help.

Take the tweezers and gently grasp the tick as close to the skin. Avoid gripping or tearing movements because they could break or crush the tick. Slowly pull the same pressure until removal of the entire tick (body and head).

quickly place the tick in a jar or container and secure the lid. Wipe the surface with rubbing alcohol or soap and water.

Experts advise to keep the tick in symptoms sealed package cases occur and the diagnosis is necessary.

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